Nutrient Glossary V
Valerian – Standardized to valerenic acids. (root - Valeriana officinalis): A perennial herb native to North America, Asia and Europe that has been used traditionally to help produce a calming and relaxing (anxiolytic) effect. The chemical composition of valerian includes sesquiterpenes (including valeric acid), iridoids (valepotriates), alkaloids, furanofuran lignans, and free amino acids such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), L-tyrosine, L-arginine, and L-glutamine. Valepotriates are known to have sedative, hypnotic and spasmolytic effects. Studies suggest that valerian must be consumed repeatedly for one to two weeks before a benefit is noticed.
Products with a good source of this Nutrient:
Vanadium (Vanadyl sulfate): Vanadium is an ultra-trace mineral found in the human diet and the human body. It is essential for some animals and thought to be essential in humans. Deficiency symptoms in these animals include growth retardation, bone deformities, and infertility. Vanadium may play a role in building bones and teeth. It has strong glucose lowering (anti-hyperglycemic) effects, and is a common supplement used to enhance weight training.
Products with a good source of this Nutrient: Post Workout Muscle Recovery
Vitamin A: It is commonly known as the anti-infective vitamin, because it is required for normal functioning of the immune system. It is required for the production of blood components (red blood cell production). Vitamin A is necessary for a broad range of bodily functions including production of visual pigments, and maintenance of health in many cells of the body.
Products with a good source of this Nutrient: Spark Energy Drink
Vitamin B1:( See Thiamine)
Vitamin B2:( See Riboflavin)
Vitamin B-5:( See Pantothenic acid)
Vitamin B-6, Pyridoxine HCL: This water-soluble vitamin is essential for protein metabolism, nervous system and immune functions. It is necessary for the synthesis of hormones and red blood cells. There are six active forms of vitamin B-6. The first step in coenzyme Q10 biosynthesis (the conversion of tyrosine to 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid) requires vitamin B-6 in the form of pyridoxal-5'-phospate (PLP). Vitamin B-6 supplementation was found to be effective in lowering blood homocysteine levels after an oral dose of methionine (methionine load test) was given, suggesting that it may play a role in the metabolism of homocysteine. Managing the blood levels of homocysteine is important for maintaining cardiovascular health. PLP plays a vital role in the function of approximately 100 enzymes that catalyze essential biochemical reactions in the human body. PLP functions as a coenzyme for glycogen phosphorylase, an enzyme that catalyzes the release of glucose stored in the muscle as glycogen.
Products with a good source of this Nutrient: V-16 Caffeine Free Energy Drink, Coffeccino Energy Drink, MNS Max Appetite Control Supplement, MNS Max Energy Supplement, Meal Replacement Bars and Meal Replacement Shakes
Vitamin B-12, Cyanocobalamin: Vitamin B-12 is a water-soluble vitamin necessary for processing carbohydrates, proteins and fats and which is vital for blood (red blood cell) formation as well as a healthy nervous system. Vitamin B-12 cannot be absorbed or used by the body until it combines with a special protein produced in the stomach called intrinsic factor. As individuals age they are less able to produce intrinsic factor and consequently there is less vitamin B-12 available to participate in metabolic processes. Vitamin B-12 acts as a coenzyme in the synthesis and repair of DNA. It also works with folic acid in utilizing amino acids and plays a role in one carbon metabolism.
Products with a good source of this Nutrient:Muscle Fuel, V-16 Caffeine Free Energy Drink, MNS Max Appetite Control Supplement, MNS Max Energy Supplement, Meal Replacement Bars and Meal Replacement Shakes
Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic acid): Vitamin C is essential for the synthesis of the catecholamine neurotransmitters. Catecholamines play a role in mobilizing lipids for oxidation. In addition, vitamin C is required for the production of carnitine, which is essential for the transport of fat to the cellular organelle, mitochondrion, for conversion into energy. Vitamin C is required for the synthesis and activation of various cellular constituents, including enzymes involved in energy metabolism. It also plays a role in the conversion of cholesterol into bile acids.
Vitamin C promotes healthy cell function. It is required for the synthesis of collagen, an important structural component of blood vessels, bone, tendons and ligaments. It is vital for the proper functioning of the immune system, especially for the activity of the white blood cells, which influence metabolism. It is required for synthesis and activation of some hormones. One of these hormones is the thyroid hormone, thyroxin, which regulates the body’s metabolic rate, and consequently body mass.
Vitamin D, Cholecalciferol: Several structurally related forms exist including cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) and ergocalciferol (vitamin D2). It is essential for effective and optimal calcium absorption from the intestine, the efficient utilization of calcium by the body, and maintaining calcium balance. It helps build and regulate bone mass and maintain bone health, and helps maintain blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. Regulation of blood calcium levels is vital for bone growth, and maintenance of bone density. Vitamin D can be made in the skin on exposure to sunlight.
Vitamin E: A family of eight naturally occurring compounds-four tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma, delta) and four tocotrienols (alpha, beta, gamma, delta) with widely varying degrees of biological activity. The most active form is the “d” isomer of alpha-tocopherol. Recent research shows that other forms, such as gamma-tocopherol may also be important to the body. It acts as a powerful antioxidant, particularly protecting polyunsaturated fatty acids within cell membrane phospholipids and in plasma lipoproteins from oxidative damage. Vitamin E is an essential nutrient for cell and tissue health, which may have a role in blood flow, immune function and blood cell functioning and in protecting against cellular stress. The succinate form of d-alpha tocopherol as well as mixed tocotrienols and gamma tocopherol are used in some AdvoCare products.
Vitamin K: This essential vitamin exists in several structurally related forms including phytonadione, menaquinone and menadione. It is a cofactor that activates at least three proteins involved in bone mineralization, formation, repair and health. Vitamin K is also essential for synthesizing the liver protein that controls blood clotting. There are some indications that vitamin K may decrease the incidence or severity of osteoporosis and slow bone loss. In the intestines it also assists in converting glucose to glycogen, which can then be stored in the liver.