Advocare Nutrient Glossary O - P

Nutrient Glossary O - P

Oatgrass extract (leaf/stem - Avena sativa): The well-known cereal grass from which the grain oats are obtained. Besides utilizing the grain of this grass as food, the leaves and stalks of the exhibit beneficial properties. Oat grasses are used to assist in managing stress and anxiety and contain many nutrients the body requires to build itself including manganese, zinc, silicon, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins A, B-1, B-2 and E.

Omega-3 fatty acids: Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids essential to the maintenance of health.

A good source of this Nutrient: Omega Plex Essential Omega Fatty Acids, MNS Max Appetite Control Supplement, MNS Max Energy Supplement

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) an omega-3 fatty acid (C20:5) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) an omega-3 fatty acid (C22:6) present in large amounts in fish oils. Both are inefficiently synthesized in the body from alpha-linolenic acid and are metabolized to eicosanoids. Eicosanoids are hormone-like compounds such as thromboxane, prostaglandins and leukotrienes, that are important regulators of vital body functions such as blood pressure, smooth muscle contraction (e.g., labor and heart rhythm), blood clotting, immune response inflammation and secretions of the stomach. DHA is especially present in the retina and brain.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient: Omega Plex Essential Omega Fatty Acids

Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B-5: A B vitamin involved in the metabolism and efficient utilization of fats, hormones, and components necessary for immune function. Involved in the breakdown of carbohydrates, and the formation and breakdown of fatty acids in the body.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient: Muscle Gain Protein, Muscle Fuel, Coffeccino Energy Drink, Meal Replacement Bars and Meal Replacement Shakes

Passionflower (herb/flower - Passiflora incarnata): Passionflower is a perennial creeping vine, native to the tropical and semi-tropical southern United States, Mexico, and Central and South America. It is now cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions, including Florida, Guatemala, and India. Studies have pointed to the flavonoids in passionflower as the primary constituents responsible for its relaxing and anxiolytic effects.

Peanuts (seed - Arachis hypogaea): Widely cultivated in tropical and warm temperate regions around the world, having yellow flowers on stalks that bend over so that the seed pods ripen underground. The edible, nutlike, oily seed of this plant is used for food and as a source of oil. Peanut flour (partially defatted) is made by removing much of the oil and grinding the de-fatted residue into a fine powder. This powder is available in a range of roast levels, imparting upon products anything from bland to extremely strong peanut flavor. This ingredient provides a good source of protein to be used in formulations having a peanut flavor with reduced oil and fat content.

L-Phenylalanine: An essential amino acid involved in protein synthesis and the synthesis of L-tyrosine that serves as a precursor of epinephrine and thyroxine. Helps improve mental energy and focus.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient:

Phosphorus: An essential mineral that participates in pH balance and is a component of many enzyme systems. It is essential for energy metabolism, enhances use of other nutrients, is an important component in phospholipids in cell membranes, is critical for bone and tooth enamel development and helps regulate fluid balance.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient: Meal Replacement Bars and Meal Replacement Shakes

Phytosterols: Plants produce sterols similar to cholesterol in the animal world to stabilize their cell walls. While structurally similar to cholesterol, phytosterols reduce the serum levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, which is associated with atherosclerosis. They presumably act by blocking cholesterol absorption. Phytosterols are found in a variety of plants including canola, sunflower, cotton and corn as well as others. Examples of phytosterols include beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol and campesterol.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient:

Polydextrose: Polydextrose is a polysaccharide synthesized by random polymerization of glucose, sorbitol, and a suitable acid catalyst at a high temperature and partial vacuum. It is used widely in many countries as a bulking agent and as a lower-energy ingredient in a variety of foods. Polydextrose is not digested or absorbed in the small intestine, and a large portion is excreted in the feces. Studies with polydextrose show physiologic effects consistent with those of dietary fiber. Polydextrose is partially fermented in the large intestine, leading to increased fecal bulk, reduced transit time, softer stools, and lower fecal pH (49). Fermentation of polydextrose also leads to the growth of favorable microflora, diminished putrefactive microflora, and enhanced production of short-chain fatty acids.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient:

Potassium: A vital mineral element that helps maintain fluid balance in the body and supports metabolic processes leading to energy production. Potassium is the principal positive ion inside of cells of the body and is involved in nerve conduction, muscle contraction, and normal kidney function. A deficiency of potassium causes weakness, fatigue, heart arrhythmias, paralysis, and kidney malfunctions.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient: Calcium Plus, Muscle Fuel, Post Workout Muscle Recovery, Rehydrate Sports Drink

Potassium bicarbonate: The potassium salt of bicarbonate. It produces improved mineral balance, reduces bone resorption and increases the rate of bone formation.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient:

Protein and peptide concentrate: A special protein blend consisting of whey protein concentrate, calcium caseinate, milk protein isolate, L-glutamine, L-lysine, L-leucine, L-isoleucine, and L-valine. It is an important energy source, crucial in functions such as formation of muscles, bones, skin and organs, blood clotting, maintenance of fluid balance, regulation of pH balance in the blood, hormone and enzyme production, immune function, formation of visual pigments and cell repair

Products with a good source of this Nutrient: Muscle Gain Protein

Protein: Protein is made from building blocks called amino acids linked together in a chain. Of the 20 amino acids found in the body, nine are "essential" because they have to be consumed in the diet (the body cannot make them). Proteins perform myriad essential functions for the body including supplying energy and building and repairing tissues. They are highly complex organic compounds found in all living cells and comprising the most abundant class of all biological molecules. Protein comprises approximately 50% of cellular dry weight.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient: Muscle Gain Protein, Post Workout Muscle Recovery

Psyllium husk powder: Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago whose seeds are used commercially as a 100 percent natural fiber that helps restore regularity. Psyllium is highly absorbent and has a high viscosity.

Products with a good source of this Nutrient:

Pyridoxine HCL: (See Vitamin B-6)