Advocare Nutrient Glossary A-B

Nutrient Glossary A- B

N-Acetylcysteine:
N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) is a thiolic antioxidant. It exhibits a wide range of cellular effects. NAC modulates cytokine levels in immune cells and stimulates macrophage functions. NAC is a precursor for glutathione synthesis and stimulates cytosolic enzyme activities involved in the glutathione cycle, such as glutathione reductase, which enhances the rate of glutathione regeneration. It can act by direct reaction between its reducing thiol group and reactive oxygen species. NAC prevents programmed cell death (apoptosis) in cultured neuronal cells. NAC increases mitochondrial complex I and IV specific activities both in vitro and in vivo in synaptic mitochondrial preparations from aged mice. Glutathione, the principal thiolic compound in the cell, plays a key role in cellular homeostasis since its loss is accompanied by cell death because of lipid peroxidation and protein-thiol decline. NAC delays age-associated memory impairment in mice. It plays a role in increasing the function of synaptic mitochondria. It also protects against age-related decline of oxidative phosphorylation in the liver mitochondria of mice. In one study, NAC significantly reduced the levels of plasma homocysteine in human subjects.
Products with a good source of this Nutrient: MNS Max Appetite Control Supplement, MNS Max Energy Supplement

Adaptogens:
Plant-based materials capable of increasing an organism’s resistance to stressors of differing origin. Adaptogens are believed to reinforce (increase) the non-specific power of resistance of the body against physical, chemical or biological noxious agents. By definition, they must have a normalizing influence independent of the physical condition of the organism, must be innocuous, and must not influence normal body functions more than required to achieve a stable condition.

Adaptogen Blend:
Proprietary blend of Eleutherococcus senticosus (leaf, stem, root), Schisandra chinensis (seed), Aralia mandshurica (flower), Crataegus oxyacantha (leaf), Viburnum sargenti (leaf, berry) , Glycyrrhiza uralensis (root), Rhaponticum carthamoides (root), Rhodiola rosea (flower), Sorbus aucuparia (whole plant), and Iconotus obliquus (root). Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Alpha-ketoglutarate:
A dicarboxylic acid component in energy production and glucose formation via the citric acid cycle as well as oxidation and synthesis of the amino acids L-glutamine, L-glutamate, L-arginine and L-proline. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Vitamin C Grams, Muscle Fuel

Alpha-Lipoic acid:
An important cellular component, which is required for critical energy production steps inside the body’s cells. It can work in concert with Vitamins C and E and is an important antioxidant. Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Apple extract – Standardized to phloridizin. (fruit – Malus domestica):
Contains alpha-D-glucosidase inhibitors that act primarily by decreasing disaccharide hydrolysis thereby reducing the amount of free monosaccharides available for absorption in the intestine. Phloridzin, an alpha-D-glucosidase inhibitor, also acts directly on free glucose absorption in the jejunum, helping to reduce postprandial serum glucose. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Carb Ease or CarbEase

L-Arabinose:
A natural pentose (5-carbon sugar), which is poorly absorbed, and is an uncompetitive selective inhibitor of intestinal sucrase activity. Contributes to the suppression of glycemic response after ingestion of sucrose. The enzyme sucrase is responsible for the digestion of sucrose (table sugar), which is derived from sugar beets and sugar cane. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Carb Ease or CarbEase

L-Arginine:
A conditionally essential amino acid necessary for protein synthesis, precursor to nitric oxide, a compound responsible for multiple functions within the body including supporting the immune system and increasing blood flow (vasodilation). Participates in the maintenance of muscle and lean tissue throughout the body. The body can produce this amino acid. However, in the young, production may not meet requirements. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Nighttime Muscle Recovery, Rehydrate Sports Drink, Catalyst

Artichoke leaf extract – Standardized to cynarin. (leaf – Cynara scolymus):
An herbal extract containing phenolic acids, lactones and flavonoids that has shown the ability to encourage bile flow in studies. May also exhibit antiemetic, spasmolytic and carminative effects as well as hepatoprotective activity. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Advocare ProBiotic Restore™

Astaxanthin: A carotenoid found in the microaglae Haematococcus pluvialis. Astaxanthin gives pink and red color to salmon, shrimp and lobster. It is a powerful lipid soluble antioxidant and has a unique role in protecting cell membranes because of its chemical structure and its ability to span the double layer cell membrane. Astaxanthin can protect the cell from the inside out. Astaxanthin can also act as a bridge for transporting free radicals to other antioxidants. It protects against oxidative damage to cell membranes and tissues. Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Astragalus extract (root – Astragalus membranaceus):
The flowering plant genus Astragalus L. contains upwards of 2500 mostly perennial species, is found growing on a global scale, and is distributed primarily around the northern hemisphere and South America. Astragalus is an important herb containing bioactive constituents such as astragalosides, beta-sitosterol and isoflavones. The roots of this herb have been traditionally used to strengthen the immune system. Evidence indicates that the roots possess immunopotentiating properties by activating immune cells such as the B (lymphocyte) cells and stimulating the proliferation of splenic lymphocytes involved in immune enhancement. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: ImmunoGuard Immune System Supplement

Ashwagandha extract – Standardized to withanolides. (root - Withania somnifera):
A low-lying perennial shrub found growing in Africa, the Mediterranean and India. Ashwagandha has been widely used in the traditional Indian Ayurvedic medical system for a variety of musculoskeletal conditions and to facilitate overall health and longevity. Some animal studies have indicated positive antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-stress effects. The extract contains withanolides, chlorogenic acid, seopoletin and beta sitosterol. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Night Time Muscle Recovery, Muscle Strength

Bacopa extract – Standardized to bacosides. (leaf/stem - Bacopa monniera):
Bacopa is also known as brahmi. It is a well-known herb traditionally employed in the Ayurvedic system, used for supporting memory and brain function. The extract has potent antioxidant properties and can inhibit lipid peroxidation as well as improve brain and nervous system function. The active constituents of Bacopa monniera, called bacosides, enhance mental retention capacity. It facilitates acquisition, consolidation, and retention of newly acquired behaviors.

Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Barley malt extract:
Is a grain syrup made from sprouting barley seeds, which are then toasted and ground. This means of reducing a complex carbohydrate to a simple sugar results in a subtle sweetener and flavoring agent.

Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Beet powder (root – Beta vulgaris):
The familiar plant Beta vulgaris is known as sugar beets and it is commonly used as food. It is commonly used as a red colorant in various products. Traditionally used as a liver protectant and in response to liver damage.

Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Betaine:
Also known as trimethylglycine. This ingredient plays a role in metabolic processes through donation of a methyl group (one carbon metabolism) as for example the conversion of homocysteine to the amino acid L-methionine. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Catalyst

Beta-carotene:
A powerful carotenoid antioxidant that acts through direct quenching or modification of oxidative free radical reactions. It is a precursor of vitamin A. May help in cell function and prevention of some forms of cancer. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Meal Replacement Bars and Meal Replacement Shakes

Beta-glucan:
Soluble fiber known as beta-D-glucan. These compounds are usually referred to as beta-glucans, and they comprise a class of non-digestible polysaccharides widely found in nature in such sources as oats, barley, yeast, bacteria, algae and mushrooms. Oat beta-glucan is a soluble fiber located mainly in cell walls that is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the sugar D-glucose. Studies have shown that a healthy diet that includes beta-glucan can aid in maintaining normal levels of blood cholesterol and glucose.
The exact mechanism of beta-glucan's possible hypocholesterolemic effect is not clear. It appears to promote increased excretion of bile acids, which could help explain its possible cholesterol moderating activity. Beta-glucan may also promote cholesterol clearance from the plasma via reverse cholesterol transport.
The mechanism of the glucose-regulatory activity of beta-glucan is also not well understood. Beta-glucan may delay gastric emptying time and consequently affect the rate of uptake of D-glucose from the small intestine. The high viscosity of beta-glucan may delay absorption of glucose. Some studies have indicated that beta-glucan may have immunomodulatory activity.

Beta-sitosterol:
Is a plant-derived sterol, also known as a phytosterol. Plant sterols or phytosterols are common components of plant foods, especially plant oils, seeds and nuts, cereals and legumes. Scientific evidence suggests that plant phytosterols may help to maintain cholesterol levels already within the normal range by inhibiting absorption of dietary cholesterol when consumed as part of a low cholesterol dietary program. Stigmasterol and campesterol are also phytosterols commonly found associated with beta-sitosterol. Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Bilberry extract – Standardized to anthocyanosides (fruit - Vaccinium myrtillus):
An extract standardized to contain bioflavonoids known as anthocyanosides, which may support eye health, by acting as antioxidants. Evidence suggests they may also improve microvascular blood flow and provide gastroprotective effects. Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Black cohosh extract (root - Cimicifuga racemosa):
An American wildflower from the buttercup family. Black cohosh extract has been used since the early 1900’s as a “woman’s tonic” and can help reduce menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes. It may also act as an anti-inflammatory.

Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Biotin:
A water-soluble B vitamin that plays a role in carbohydrate utilization and the production of important fatty acids. Biotin assists in metabolism of fatty acids and utilization of B vitamins. It is also important in energy producing steps during metabolism in the cells of the body. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: V-16 Caffeine Free Energy Drink, Meal Replacement Bars and Meal Replacement Shakes

Bitter orange extract – Standardized to synephrine. (pericarp - Citrus aurantium):
An extract of the fruit, bitter orange (also known as Seville or sour orange), with the rind. Over the centuries bitter oranges have been highly valued for their food and medicinal properties. Bitter orange contains important neuroactive amines such as synephrine, octopamine and tyramine. Synephrine and octopamine are similar to the catecholamines, noradrenaline and adrenaline found in the sympathetic nerve fibers. The most active constituent of Citrus aurantium L. is synephrine.
Studies show that in human subjects bitter orange extracts, along with other constituents, stimulate lipolysis, and enhance metabolic rate and fat oxidation through increased thermogenesis by stimulating beta-3-adreno receptors thus contributing to weight loss. Synephrine is believed to act on adrenergic receptors and activate thermogenesis. Products containing a good source of Nutrient:

Boswellia extract – Standardized to boswellic acids. (gum resin – Boswellia serrata):
Obtained from the Boswellia serrata tree that grows in the dry hills of India. The active compound found is boswellia are boswellic acids, which may reduce intestinal inflammation. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Digest Ease

Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA): [L-leucine, L-isoleucine and L-valine]:
Essential amino acids that may be limiting in muscle repair and synthesis regardless of age. Also used by the muscles for fuel and tissue repair especially during injury or during strenuous exercise when carbohydrate stores are depleted. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Muscle Gain Protein, Post Workout Muscle Recovery, Catalyst

Boron:
Found in a variety of similar minerals all related to borax, sodium tetraborate (Na2B4O7·10H2O). It is a relatively rare element in the earth's crust, representing only 0.001%. Boron is necessary in small amounts for plant growth, and is considered an essential nutrient. This trace element is thought to support the activity of vitamin D in enhancing calcium and estrogen metabolism. Products containing a good source of Nutrient: Calcium Plus

Burdock extract (root – Arctium lappa):
This biennial plant grows in open spaces and along roadsides around the world. Burdock grows from a fleshy taproot and produces large, heart-shaped, hairy leaves and red-violet flower heads surrounded by numerous hooked bracts that form a bur-like cup. Traditionally used to treat gastrointestinal complaints and skin conditions, and is thought to have immunological and anti-inflammatory activity. May help protect the liver against harmful metabolic by-products.

Products containing a good source of Nutrient: